Discovering the Various Types of Exterior Columns for Home Design [A Guide]

Exterior columns are an important architectural feature of many homes, serving both a functional and aesthetic purpose. They can add visual interest, create a sense of grandeur and provide structural support for a home’s roof and porch. The design of exterior columns can vary greatly, depending on the architectural style of the home and the personal tastes of the homeowner. In this article, we will explore the different types of exterior columns commonly found on homes.

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Tuscan Columns

Tuscan columns are a classic design element that originated in ancient Rome. They are characterized by their simple, unadorned design, with a plain shaft that narrows slightly toward the top and bottom. Tuscan columns are typically made of stone, but can also be constructed from wood or concrete. They are a popular choice for Mediterranean-style homes, as well as for more modern designs.

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Doric Columns

Doric columns are another classic design element, originating in ancient Greece. They are known for their simple, elegant design, with a fluted shaft that is topped by a plain capital. Doric columns are typically made of stone, although they can also be constructed from wood or concrete. They are a popular choice for Greek Revival-style homes, as well as for more traditional designs.

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Ionic Columns

Ionic columns are a more ornate version of the Doric column, with a fluted shaft topped by a capital that features a pair of volutes, or scroll-like shapes. Ionic columns are typically made of stone, although they can also be constructed from wood or concrete. They are a popular choice for Neoclassical-style homes, as well as for more formal designs.

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Corinthian Columns

Corinthian columns are the most ornate of the classical column designs, featuring a fluted shaft topped by a capital that is decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls. Corinthian columns are typically made of stone, although they can also be constructed from wood or concrete. They are a popular choice for grand, formal homes, as well as for more elaborate designs.

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Square Columns

Square columns are a popular choice for more modern homes, as well as for homes that have a more contemporary design. They can be made of a variety of materials, including stone, concrete, and metal, and can be either plain or adorned with decorative elements. Square columns are often used to create a sleek, minimalist look that complements the clean lines of modern architecture.

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Fluted Columns

Fluted columns are columns that feature a series of vertical grooves, or flutes, that run the length of the shaft. Fluted columns can be found in a variety of styles, including Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. They are a popular choice for more traditional homes, as well as for homes that have a more formal, grand design.

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Tapered Columns

Tapered columns are columns that are wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. They can be found in a variety of styles, including Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Tapered columns are a popular choice for homes that have a more traditional design, as well as for homes that have a more formal, grand appearance.

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Non-Tapered Columns

Non-tapered columns are columns that maintain the same width from top to bottom. They can be found in a variety of styles, including square, fluted, and smooth. Non-tapered columns are a popular choice for homes that have a more modern or contemporary design, as well as for homes that have a simpler, more minimalist appearance.

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Pilasters

Pilasters are columns that are attached to a wall, rather than being freestanding. They can be found in a variety of styles, including Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, and square. Pilasters can be used to add architectural interest to a home’s exterior, and can be made of a variety of materials, including stone, wood, and metal.

TL;DR There are many different types of exterior columns available for homeowners to choose from. The design of the column can have a significant impact on the overall appearance of a home’s exterior, and can be used to create a sense of grandeur, add visual interest, or simply provide structural support. When selecting a type of column for a home, it is important to consider the architectural style of the home, as well as personal taste and budget.


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