From Crown to Baseboards: A Guide to the Various Types of Interior Mouldings

Interior mouldings are decorative elements that add character, detail, and dimension to a room. They come in various styles, materials, and sizes, and can be used to accentuate different architectural features or create unique design effects. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of interior mouldings, their characteristics, and how they can enhance the beauty and functionality of your space.

crown moulding

Crown Moulding

Crown moulding is one of the most popular types of interior mouldings. It is a decorative trim that sits at the top of a wall where it meets the ceiling. Crown moulding can be simple or elaborate, depending on the desired look. It comes in various materials, such as wood, plaster, polyurethane, and MDF (medium-density fiberboard), and can be painted or stained to match the room’s decor.

baseboard moulding

Baseboard Moulding

Baseboard moulding is a type of trim that runs along the bottom of a wall, covering the joint between the wall and the floor. It protects the wall from damage and adds a finished look to the room. Baseboard moulding can be simple or ornate and is available in different materials, such as wood, vinyl, MDF, and plastic.

rail moulding

Chair Rail Moulding

Chair rail moulding is a decorative trim that runs horizontally along the wall, usually at the height of a chairback. It was originally designed to protect the walls from being damaged by chairs, but today, it is used mostly for decorative purposes. Chair rail moulding can be simple or intricate and is available in various materials, such as wood, MDF, and plaster.

panel moulding

Panel Moulding

Panel moulding is a type of trim that is used to create a decorative panel on a wall or ceiling. It is usually installed in a rectangular or square shape and can be used to create a wainscotting effect or to accentuate a ceiling. Panel moulding can be made of wood, plaster, polyurethane, or MDF and can be painted or stained to match the room’s decor.

cornice moulding

Cornice Moulding

Cornice moulding is a decorative trim that sits at the top of a window or door frame. It can be simple or ornate, depending on the desired look, and is available in different materials, such as wood, plaster, and polyurethane. Cornice moulding can also be used to create a decorative border around a room or to hide lighting fixtures or wiring.

casing moulding

Casing Moulding

Casing moulding is a type of trim that is used to cover the gap between a door or window frame and the wall. It can be simple or decorative and is available in various materials, such as wood, vinyl, MDF, and plastic. Casing moulding can also be used to create a decorative border around a room or to accentuate the shape of a door or window.

picture rail moulding

Picture Rail Moulding

Picture rail moulding is a type of trim that is installed along the top of a wall, usually at the height of a picture frame. It is used to hang artwork and can be decorative or plain. Picture rail moulding can be made of wood, plaster, or MDF and can be painted or stained to match the room’s decor.

cove moulding

Cove Moulding

Cove moulding is a type of trim that is used to create a concave curve between the ceiling and the wall. It can be simple or ornate and is available in various materials, such as wood, plaster, and polyurethane. Cove moulding can also be used to create a transition between two different materials or to hide imperfections in the ceiling or wall.

rosette moulding

Rosette Moulding

Rosette moulding is a type of decorative trim that is used to highlight the intersection of two mouldings, such as where a chair rail meets a baseboard or crown moulding. It can also be used as a standalone decorative element in corners or around doors and windows. Rosette moulding is available in various materials, such as wood, plaster, and polyurethane, and can be painted or stained to match the room’s decor.

picture frame moulding

Picture Frame Moulding

Picture frame moulding is a type of trim that is used to create a frame around a picture or mirror. It can be simple or elaborate and is available in different materials, such as wood, plastic, and metal. Picture frame moulding can also be used to create a decorative border around a room or to accentuate a fireplace or mantel.

beadboard moulding

Beadboard Moulding

Beadboard moulding is a type of panel moulding that features a series of vertical grooves or “beads.” It is often used to create a wainscotting effect on walls or to cover the lower portion of a bathroom or kitchen island. Beadboard moulding is available in various materials, such as wood, MDF, and PVC, and can be painted or stained to match the room’s decor.

dentil moulding

Dentil Moulding

Dentil moulding is a type of trim that features a series of small, rectangular blocks that resemble teeth. It is often used in classical or traditional architecture and can be installed on cornices, pediments, or mantels. Dentil moulding is available in various materials, such as wood, plaster, and polyurethane, and can be painted or stained to match the room’s decor.

TL;DR Interior mouldings are versatile decorative elements that can add elegance, character, and dimension to a room. From crown moulding to baseboard moulding, chair rail moulding to picture frame moulding, there are various types of mouldings available to suit different design styles and preferences. Whether you’re looking to create a traditional, classical, or modern look, incorporating interior mouldings into your design can enhance the beauty and functionality of your space.


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